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Author Archives: Prophecy Watchers

  1. Saudi Arabia, Bahrain and the UAE in Prophecy

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    by Bill Salus

    “Saudi Arabia Opens Airspace to Israel” (NYT – 9/2/20)

    “After UAE, Bahrain deals signed, Trump says 7-9 countries seek peace with Israel”

    “Soon after historic Abraham Accords ceremony at the White House, US president includes Saudi Arabia among those nations also now ready to normalize ties with Jewish state.” (Times of Israel – 9/15/20)

    Saudi Arabia is back in the news again and that has some Bible prophecy pundits warning that a 2600-year old biblical prediction could be about to happen! In one of his most detailed apocalyptic writings, the prophet Ezekiel identifies the nation of Saudi Arabia in his 38th chapter. 

    This ancient prophecy informs of a forthcoming massive invasion of Israel in the last days. It identifies an invading coalition that appears to be led by Russia and includes Turkey, Iran and nine populations in total.

     In addition to this intimidating list of invaders, Ezekiel identifies a group of nations that appear to be contesting the evil intentions of this coalition. The verse below explains the sinister motives of the invaders and identifies the concerned protesters.

    Sheba, Dedan, the merchants of Tarshish, and all their young lions will say to you, ‘Have you come to take plunder? Have you, (Russia), gathered your (coalition) army to take booty, to carry away silver and gold, to take away livestock and goods, to take great plunder?’” (Ezekiel 38:13, NKJV; emphasis added)

    This passage identifies Saudi Arabia under the banner of Dedan. The Saudis are assembled alongside Sheba, (Yemen), Tarshish, (UK), and their Young Lions, (USA, and maybe Canada and Australia). This grouping of countries appear to be actively protesting, rather than militarily preventing this invasion of Israel. 

    The concerns of these sideline spectators are lodged in several questions, which help us to recognize that the primary goal of these invaders is to conquer Israel for their own capital gains. These belligerents intend to seize control over all aspects of Israel’s economy. 

    Due to the budding relationships between Russia, Turkey and Iran, several Bible prophecy teachers believe that Ezekiel 38 could be the next event to find fulfillment on the end times prophetic calendar. But is it?

    Saudi Arabia is actually identified in at least four unfulfilled prophecies and when they are laid out sequentially, it turns out that Ezekiel 38:13 is seemingly the last of the four to find fulfillment. In addition to Ezekiel 38, Saudi Arabia, as Dedan, is the subject of biblical predictions in Jeremiah 49 and Ezekiel 25. Moreover, the Saudis appear to be represented as the Ishmaelites in the 3000-year old prophecy foretold in Psalm 83. These prophecies will be presented in their apparent chronological order, but beforehand it is important to connect the ancient territory of Dedan and the Ishmaelite peoples of the past with modern-day Saudi Arabia. 

    Where is Dedan?

    Historic Mideast maps locate Dedan in Northwestern Saudi Arabia. Some Bible scholars, such as Gary Stearman of Prophecy Watchers, suggest that in the Old Testament, Dedan might even extend beyond Saudi Arabia to also include the modern-day Gulf Cooperation Council, (GCC), countries of Kuwait, Qatar, Oman, Bahrain and the UAE. If Dedan represents the entirety of the GCC Arab states, this could be prophetically relevant in light of recent events.

    Map of Arabia at 200AD | TimeMaps

    Israel signs accords with United Arab Emirates and Bahrain at White House ceremony” (USA Today – 9/15/20)

    Presently, the UAE and Bahrain are in the process of normalizing national relations with Israel as part of the “Peace to Prosperity” aspect of Donald Trump’s, “Deal of the Century” Mideast peace plan. This economic part of Trump’s plan was introduced by White House adviser Jared Kushner in Bahrain on June 25, 2019.

    “In Bahrain, U.S. Tries to Promote Mideast Peace Through Prosperity” (NY Times – 6/25/19)

    In the process of achieving peace with the UAE and Bahrain, which are two Arab nations that never posed a real threat to the Jewish state, Israel has agreed to temporarily postpone its plans to annex territory in the West Bank. The annexation of this land was part of the political aspect of Trump’s Mideast peace plan. 

    “UAE Foreign Minister Abdullah bin Zayed Al Nahyan: “I thank Netanyahu for choosing to stop annexation of Palestinian land.”” (Times of Israel – 9/15/20)

    It’s interesting to note that UAE’s Foreign Minister considers the territory in question “Palestinian land.” In the cosmic CHESS MATCH between good and evil, it appears that evil moved two PAWNS, the UAE and Bahrain, forward and successfully put Israel into CHECK when it comes to the “Chosen People” expanding further into the “Promised Land.” How this newly formed alignment between Israel, the UAE and Bahrain may have prophetic implications will be explored near the end of this article.

    Whether or not Dedan includes all of the GCC countries, most biblical scholars would agree that at least it identifies Saudi Arabia. 

    Who are the Ishmaelites? 

    Some suggest that Ishmael, the patriarch of the Ishmaelites, was the father of the Arabs and that he settled in Arabia. Ancient Arabia is now often alluded to as the Arabian Peninsula, and it is mostly encompassed by Saudi Arabia. The map and quote below it, reinforces these understandings.

    A picture containing text, map

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    The Book of Genesis and Islamic traditions consider Ishmael to be the ancestor of the Ishmaelites/Arabians and patriarch of Qaydār. According to Muslim tradition, Ishmael the Patriarch and his mother Hagar are buried next to the Kaaba in Mecca… Ishmael is recognized as an important prophet and patriarch of Islam. Muslims believe that Ishmael was the firstborn of Abraham, born to him from his wife Sarah’s slave, Hagar. Ishmael is recognized by Muslims as the ancestor of several prominent Arab tribes and the forefather of Muhammad.”

    The Four Unfulfilled Saudi Arabia Bible Prophecies


    Flee, turn back, dwell in the depths, O inhabitants of Dedan! For I will bring the calamity of Esau upon him, The time that I will punish him.” (Jeremiah 49:8)

    This often-overlooked Jeremiah foretelling concerning Dedan was penned approximately two decades prior to Ezekiel’s issuance of his 38th chapter. Jeremiah issues a stern admonition to the inhabitants dwelling in Dedan to,  “Flee, turn back, dwell in the depths.” This forewarning is given because “the calamity of Esau” is coming. 

    Apparently, when this future prediction happens, the Saudis will have joined forces with Esau’s descendants, and in so doing, will become positioned in the line of fire. The Lord is going to punish Esau severely, and for Saudi Arabia’s own protection, Jeremiah warns them to flee and turn back to the depths of their homeland. This infers that at the time of Esau’s calamity, that Saudi armed forces are involved in a military operation that is taking place on foreign soil.

    The fifty-million-dollar question is, “what is Esau’s Calamity?” This topic will be addressed further down in this article, but beforehand it’s important to note what Jeremiah says happens to Esau’s neighbors as a result of the calamity.

    And he, (Esau), shall not be able to hide himself. His descendants, (the Edomites), are plundered, His brethren and his neighbors, And he is no more. (Jer. 49:9–10, NKJV; emphasis added)

    Esau’s neighbors are plundered. This would include Saudi Arabia, if they don’t heed the warning to, “flee, turn back, dwell in the depths.” In other words, back off and go back home or else be plundered alongside of Esau’s descendants. 


    “‘Thus says the Lord God: “Because of what (the) Edom(ites) did against the house of Judah (Israelis) by taking vengeance, and has greatly offended by avenging itself on them,” therefore thus says the Lord God: “I will also stretch out My hand against Edom, cut off man and beast from it, and make it desolate from Teman; Dedan shall fall by the sword. I will lay My vengeance on Edom by the hand of My people Israel, that they may do in Edom according to My anger and according to My fury; and they shall know My vengeance,” says the Lord God.” (Ezekiel 25:12-14, NKJV; emphasis added)

    About two decades after Jeremiah pens his warning for the Saudis to disengage from their alignment with Esau, Ezekiel prophesies that the Saudis will fail to do so. As such, “Dedan shall fall by the sword.” In the Bible, “the sword” is often used as a typology for a war. Thus, this identifies the Saudis as one of the neighbors that get plundered in the related war when Esau’s Calamity comes.

    This Ezekiel passage also explains why Esau’s Calamity comes and how this calamitous campaign is carried out. The Edomite descendants of Esau will be guilty of attempting to bring harm against the Jews, and in retaliation, the Lord will empower the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) to execute His anger, fury and vengeance.

    This curse for curse in kind response comes directly out of the Genesis 12:3 playbook. This verse represents God’s foreign policy to the Gentile nations. Those countries that do good to Israel will be blessed, but those that do harm will be cursed. The Edomites seek to harm the Jews, so in turn, God lifts up the IDF to eliminate all of Esau’s descendants! Yes, I said ELIMINATE ESAU’S DESCENDANTS. The prophet Obadiah foretells it this way:

    ““The house of Jacob, (the IDF), shall be a fire, And the house of Joseph, (the IDF), a flame; But the house of Esau shall be stubble; They shall kindle them and devour them, And no survivor, (descendant), shall remain of the house of Esau,” For the Lord has spoken.” (Obadiah 1:18, NKJV; emphasis added)

    Understanding the size and scope of Esau’s calamity, it’s understandable why Jeremiah previously warns the Saudis to back off and go back home before this war happens.


    They have said, “Come, and let us cut them off from being a nation, That the name of Israel may be remembered no more.” For they have consulted together with one consent; They form a confederacy against You:  The tents of Edom and the Ishmaelites; Moab and the Hagrites;  Gebal, Ammon, and Amalek; Philistia with the inhabitants of Tyre;  Assyria also has joined with them; They have helped the children of Lot. Selah” (Psalm 83:4-8)

    Saudi Arabia’s third unfulfilled prophecy is encapsulated in Psalm 83. I have covered Psalm 83 extensively in my book and associated DVD entitled, Psalm 83: The Missing Prophecy Revealed, How Israel Becomes the Next Mideast Superpower. In those prior works, I explain the connections between the three Saudi prophecies identified thus far. 


    In my book I explain how Esau’s Calamity is described in Psalm 83 and the related peripheral prophecies provided below. This is not an exhaustive list; all told there are nearly 150 verses that chronicle this calamitous event. Within these passages we find out that the IDF is God’s tool to defend Israel when these prophecies happen.

    • Psalm 83:1-18…………………………………. (18 verses)
    • Jeremiah 49:1-29, 12:14-17…………………. (32 verses)
    • Ezekiel 25:12-17, 28:24-26, 35:1-36:7, 37:10 (32 verses)
    • Isaiah 17:1-14, 19:1-18, 11:14………………. (35 verses)
    • Obadiah 1:1-21………………………………… (21 verses)
    • Zephaniah 2:4-11……………………………… (8 verses)
    • Zechariah 12:2, 5-6…………………………… (3 verses)

    So who are Esau’s descendants today? They are the “Tents of Edom” in Psalm 83:6. Esau fathered the Edomites as per Genesis 36:1. In my Psalm 83 book I point out that the Edomites have an ethnical representation within the Palestinians. Not all Palestinians have an Edomite heritage, but many of them do. 

    The fact that they are identified as the “Tents of Edom,” infers that at the time of Esau’s Calamity, they are classified as refugees. In the Bible the “tents of” typically represents either military encampments or refugee scenarios. I believe that the Psalm describes the Palestinian refugees of today.

    These Edomites are enjoined in the ten-member confederacy of Psalm 83:6-8 that wants to destroy Israel in Psalm 83:5. Below is a map that identifies the modern-day equivalents of these ancient populations. Observe that Saudi Arabia is included.


    This fourth Saudi prophecy takes us back to the top of the article and Ezekiel 38:13. If the sequence of prophetic events presented thus far is correct, then by this future time Saudi Arabia has been plundered severely with the Palestinian refugees and their Psalm 83:6-8 confederacy.

    Apparently, after being plundered, the Saudis decide to align themselves with the protesters, rather than the invaders in Ezekiel 38. Perhaps at this future point, when there is no further Palestinian plight to banner, the Saudis will abandon their Arab (Saudi) Peace Initiative in favor of normalized relations with Israel.

    The Prophetic Implications of Israel’s peace with Bahrain and the UAE

    If the first two prophecies about Dedan extend beyond Saudi Arabia to also include Bahrain and the UAE, then this current peace will be temporary. Those two predictions point out that Dedan gets plundered at the time of Esau’s Calamity. The IDF wouldn’t plunder Bahrain or the UAE if these peace deals were still in place.

    However, there is another possible prophetic scenario to watch for that might include Bahrain and the UAE. Jeremiah 49:34-39 informs of an end times war with Iran. I write about this war in my book entitled, “Nuclear Showdown in Iran, Revealing the Ancient Prophecy of Elam.” 

    In a nutshell, this prophecy declares that Iran will experience a disaster, probably nuclear, and it appears that this results from a military attack by the enemies of Iran. The key verse is below. 

    For I will cause Elam to be dismayed before their enemies And before those who seek their life. I will bring disaster upon them, My fierce anger,’ says the Lord; ‘And I will send the sword after them Until I have consumed them.’” (Jeremiah 49:37)

    Unfortunately, this verse does not specify who Iran’s enemies are, but it’s highly likely that if this prophecy were to happen soon, that Iran’s enemies would at least include Israel, the USA, the UAE, Bahrain and Saudi Arabia. It’s common knowledge that a primary reason that Bahrain and the UAE are normalizing relations with Israel is to gain America and Israel as allies in the event of a future war with Iran.

    If a war with Iran is forthcoming in the near future, these current peace deals between Israel with the UAE and Bahrain, could make it easier for an American, Israel and GCC Arab coalition to form and fight against Iran in fulfillment of this prophecy. 

  2. Iran’s Double Trouble in the End Times by Bill Salus

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    According to a long-forgotten prophecy that is recently being rediscovered, Iran appears to be the subject of two differing end-time prophecies. One prophecy is described in Jeremiah 49:34-39 concerning ancient Elam, and the other is in Ezekiel 38 regarding Persia. This article denotes the differences between Jeremiah 49:34-39 and Ezekiel 38 and 39. Several of these dissimilarities are substantial, which suggests that Jeremiah and Ezekiel are not describing the same prophetic event.

    Jeremiah issued his prophecies concerning Elam about 596 BC. Jeremiah wrote about Elam about a decade before his contemporary Ezekiel prophesied about Persia in Ezekiel 38:5. Ezekiel’s ministry spanned between 595-573 BC. Modern-day Iran is comprised of ancient Elam and Persia. Ezekiel was familiar with Elam according to Ezekiel 32:24-25, but he did not include Elam in the lineup of invaders in Ezekiel 38. As the remainder of this article points out, Elam was probably intentionally omitted, because it is the subject of its own distinctly different prophecy, outlined by Jeremiah.


    The events described in Jeremiah 49:34-39 take place inside of the borders of Iran. Jeremiah 49:35 informs that Iran is struck at the foremost of its might and this causes Iranian refugees to seek exile outside of their homeland.

    Jer. 49:36 predicts that “the four winds from the four quarters of heaven” will be brought “against Elam.” Jer. 49:37 declares that the “disaster” comes “upon” the Iranians. Jer. 49:38 informs that the Lord will “set” His “throne in Elam.” These prophecies are geographically specific. They must occur within the borders of Elam, which is the Central Western region of modern-day Iran. 

    Conversely, the Ezekiel 38 and 39 invasion, from start to finish, takes place in Israel according to Ezekiel 38:8, 16, 18, and 19 and Ezekiel 39:2, 4, 9, 11, and 17. At the time of the Ezekiel invasion, Israel may have enlarged their borders as a result of an IDF victory over the Psalm 83 countries, but there is no biblical basis to believe that any part of modern-day Iran will be part of a future greater Israel. The maps below depict Israel before and after their expansion. Ultimately, in the Messianic Kingdom Israel will exist between the Nile and Euphrates Rivers as per Genesis 15:18.


    (Possible size of Israel at the time of Ezekiel 38)

    There is one possible exception to the argument that Ezekiel 38 happens entirely within Israel, and it is found in Ezekiel 39:6 which says, “And I will send fire on Magog and on those who live in security in the coastlands.” However, the “coastlands,” already mentioned several times by Ezekiel (cf. Ezek. 26:15, 18; 27:3, 6-7, 15, 35), imply the farthest reaches of the known world.” 


    The fact that Ezekiel 38 omits Elam from the very specific list of populations that coalesce with Russia against Israel could be telling. Neither Elam nor any of the Psalm 83 countries are included in the Ezekiel 38 coalition. Since Ezekiel 38 can be easily and literally understood, I think this is a conspicuous omission on Ezekiel’s part.

    Ezekiel 38 and 39 provide an enormous amount of meticulous details about the entirety of the Ezekiel invasion. It includes the participants, the spectators, the battle zone, the motive, the destruction involved, and the important details surrounding the aftermath events, i.e. the mop-up of the war. Why would Ezekiel overlook Elam and Israel’s prime enemies today that are listed in Psalm 83? After all, the Ezekiel invaders have to travel over the lands of the Psalm 83 countries to even get into Israel.


    The first question to address is, was Ezekiel aware of Elam and the Psalm 83 populations of Edomites, Ammonites, Moabites, and seven other populations? The answer is yes! Ezekiel listed the various Psalm 83 populations by one or more names about eighty-nine times in his forty-eight chapters.

    (Image shows modern-day equivalents of ancient Psalm 83 territories)

    Ezekiel mentions Edom, Edomite, or Edomites six times. Ammon, Ammonite, or Ammonites are written about six times also. Moab, Moabite, or Moabites are identified by Ezekiel three times. Egypt, Assyria, Tyre, Philistia and most telling even Gebal are also included in Ezekiel’s forty-eight chapters. In fact, Gebal, which is located in modern-day Lebanon, is only listed in Ezekiel 27:9 and Psalm 83:7. Why does Ezekiel 27:9 include Gebal, but Ezekiel 38 omit Gebal from the list of invaders? It is safe to presume that if Gebal was a participant in Ezekiel 38, that Ezekiel would have included Gebal.

    I believe the answer is quite obvious. The Psalm 83 populations are not involved in Ezekiel 38 and 39, because they are complicit in their own war prophecy. The Psalm 83 confederacy is probably soundly defeated prior by the IDF. The Psalm 83 prophecy is the subject of my book entitled, “Psalm 83: The Missing Prophecy Revealed, How Israel Becomes the Next Mideast Superpower,” and accompanying DVD titled “America and the Coming Mideast Wars.”


    The second question is, what about Elam? Did Ezekiel know about Elam? If Elam didn’t exist at the time, or if the prophet was ignorant of its existence, then that could logically explain the omission of Elam from Ezekiel 38. The truth is that Elam existed when Ezekiel 38 was penned, and the prophet was fully aware of its location at the time. Ezekiel actually issued a prophecy concerning Elam in chapter thirty-two.

    Ezekiel authored his forty-eight chapters between 593-571 BC. By the time Ezekiel 38 was written, Elam had already been identified in Genesis 10:22, 14:1, 14:9, Isaiah 11:11, 21:2 22:6, and Jeremiah 49:25:25 49:34-39. In fact, apart from Daniel 8:2 and Ezra 4:9, Ezekiel 32:24-25 represents the last biblical inscriptions of Elam in the Old Testament.

    As you read the pertinent Ezekiel verses below, note that they were probably written around 585 BC. This means that Ezekiel prophesied about Elam approximately eleven years after Jeremiah 49:34-39 was written.

    “There is Elam and all her multitude, All around her grave, All of them slain, fallen by the sword, Who have gone down uncircumcised to the lower parts of the earth, Who caused their terror in the land of the living; Now they bear their shame with those who go down to the Pit. They have set her bed in the midst of the slain, With all her multitude, With her graves all around it, All of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword; Though their terror was caused In the land of the living, Yet they bear their shame With those who go down to the Pit; It was put in the midst of the slain.” (Ezekiel 32:24-25 NKJV)

    Since these verses were penned after Jeremiah prophesied about Elam, Ezekiel appears to be providing supplemental information regarding the events of Jeremiah 49:34-39. Ezekiel prophesies that many unsaved (uncircumcised) Elamites will be slain by the sword. The prophet mentions the sword two times in this passage. This seems to correlate with Jeremiah 49:37, which says, “And I will send the sword after them Until I have consumed them.”

    Ezekiel connects more prophetic dots by acknowledging that Elam is guilty of causing “terror in the land of the living.” The prophet also mentions this fact two times in these verses.

    Iran is notably the world’s foremost sponsor of international terror. Below is a quote from the Council on Foreign Relations website.

    “The U.S. State Department considers Iran the world’s “most active state sponsor of terrorism.” U.S. officials say Iran provides funding, weapons, training, and sanctuary to numerous terrorist groups–most notably in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Lebanon–posing a security concern to the international community.” 


    This next section continues to answer the question as to whether Ezekiel intentionally omitted Elam from Ezekiel 38 and 39. It has already been shown that Ezekiel was familiar with Elam, but there is more to consider concerning his omission of Elam. The conclusive clue for me is contained in Ezekiel’s multiple references of Meshech and Tubal. Ezekiel writes about this dynamic duo in Ezekiel 32:26-28, 38:2-3, 39:1.

    Ezekiel 32: Meshech, Tubal and Elam (no Persia)

    Ezekiel 32:1-32 identifies seven significant populations among the slain. These peoples are listed in the order of Egypt, Assyria, Elam, Meshech, Tubal, Edom, and Sidon. It is important to notice that Persia is not listed anywhere in Ezekiel 32. Iran was primarily identified by the western world as Persia until 1935. Modern-day Iran is included in Ezekiel 32, but only under the banner of Elam!

    Ezekiel 38: Meshech, Tubal and Persia (no Elam)

    With the exceptions of Meshech and Tubal, Ezekiel 38 and 39 provides a lengthy list of entirely different populations than Ezekiel 32. These two peoples from Meshech and Tubal are alluded to in both Ezekiel 32 and Ezekiel 38.

    Ezekiel 38 and 39 includes; Magog, Rosh, Meshech, Tubal, Persia, Ethiopia, Libya, Gomer and Togarmah. These nine comprise the Ezekiel invaders. A possible list of the modern-day identities of the Ezekiel invaders are displayed with the red lines on the Ezekiel 38 image. Notice that Elam is not listed anywhere in Ezekiel 38!


    Meshech and Tubal were the sons of Japeth, who was Noah’s youngest son, according to Genesis 9:18. Both Meshech and Tubal settled in what is today modern-day Turkey. In tandem, they show up together seven times in the Holy Scriptures, but only in Ezekiel 32 and 38 and 39 are they depicted in Bible prophecies.

    “Now the word of the LORD came to me, saying, “Son of man, set your face against Gog, of the land of Magog, the prince of Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal, and prophesy against him, and say, ‘Thus says the Lord GOD: “Behold, I am against you, O Gog, the prince of Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal.” (Ezekiel 38:1-3)

    “And you, son of man, prophesy against Gog, and say, ‘Thus says the Lord GOD: “Behold, I am against you, O Gog, the prince of Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal; and I will turn you around and lead you on, bringing you up from the far north, and bring you against the mountains of Israel. (Ezek. 39:1-2)

    These above verses from Ezekiel 38 and 39 include three out of the four prophetic biblical references to Meshech and Tubal. They are clearly identified as members of the Gog of Magog invaders that come to take a spoil from Israel in the latter years according to Ezekiel 38:1-13.

    Ezekiel 32 taken in correlation appears to add some concluding details surrounding the destruction of Meshech and Tubal.

    “There are Meshech and Tubal and all their multitudes, With all their graves around it, All of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword, Though they caused their terror in the land of the living. They do not lie with the mighty Who are fallen of the uncircumcised, Who have gone down to hell with their weapons of war; They have laid their swords under their heads, But their iniquities will be on their bones, Because of the terror of the mighty in the land of the living. Yes, you shall be broken in the midst of the uncircumcised, And lie with those slain by the sword.” (Ezekiel 32:26-28)

    In my book titled, Nuclear Showdown in Iran, Revealing the Ancient Prophecy of Elam, I explain the potential connections between Meshech’s and Tubal’s involvement in Ezekiel 32:26-28 and Ezekiel 38 and 39.


    At this point, it’s important to discuss Iran’s double jeopardy in the latter days. Iran is the subject of dual judgment prophecies, one in Jeremiah 49:34-39, and the other in Ezekiel 38 and 39. This means that the rogue nation will experience double trouble in the end times.

    One of the strongest arguments for believing that Jeremiah’s prophecy concerning Elam is not part of Ezekiel 38 is found in the observable omission of Elam in Ezekiel 38. Elam’s exclusion from Ezekiel 38 appears to be intentional.

    The prior section pointed out that Ezekiel was extremely familiar with Elam, and Meshech and Tubal, because he predicted their final fates in Ezekiel 32. The prophet includes Elam in Ezekiel 32:24-25 and Meshech and Tubal in Ezekiel 32:26-28. These verses neatly blend into one another on the pages of the Bible. This congruency possibly suggests that Elam’s judgment closely precedes that of Meshech and Tubal.

    The astute Bible prophecy buff would be remiss not ask the following questions;

    1.) Why would Ezekiel lump Elam and Meshech and Tubal together in Ezekiel 32, but extract Elam from Ezekiel 38, which also incorporates Meshech and Tubal?

    2.) Why would Ezekiel substitute Persia in place of Elam in Ezekiel 38 alongside Meshech and Tubal?

    3.) Does this imply that Elam is the subject of its own prophecy, written by Ezekiel’s contemporary Jeremiah, and is not involved in Ezekiel 38?

    These and many other questions are answered in the Nuclear Showdown in Iran, Revealing the Ancient Prophecy of Elambook. Several other important distinctions between Ezekiel 38 and Jeremiah 49:34-39 are also pointed out in the book.

  3. The Forerunners of the Nephilim by Dr. Dennis Lindsay

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    Obviously, the ancients believed in demigods of the mythological
    world. But have not people of the modern age evolved beyond the cult of hybrid demigods? Apparently not, as we have named our planets, days of the week and months of the year after the Nephilim. Europe is named after the Greek god, Europa, and our Atlantic Ocean is named after Atlas the Nephilim. Also, we have named many chemicals after these strange creatures of the past.



    Have you noticed that on every Starbucks cup there is a picture of a hybrid of the Nephilim? What you see is a Siren, a mermaid who is half fish, half woman—a hybrid. Sirens were said to lure sailors to their deaths with their songs. Starbucks simply copied a 15th century Siren. Over time, they have used a little bit of artistic imagination to slightly change the image.

    One of the biggest events of our planet that brings the nations together is the sports competition at the Olympics, which is named after the Olympian gods. It was the Olympic gods who defeated the Titans and ruled from Mount Olympus. This event was a tribute to the Nephilim.

    The logo, Nike, is a sports brand for sporting goods. Nike is the goddess of victory who is another one of the Nephilim. You can see this goddess of victory who is another one of the Nephilim. You can see this goddess engraved in stone at Ephesus in Turkey. Ever heard of the Odyssey? You may be thinking of the car by Honda. However, The Odyssey is a Greek epic about the ancient Nephilim. How about Versace—an Italian symbol of a most luxurious brand? Versace is a woman with a head of snakes who turns its victims into stone. She is a hybrid of the Nephilim.

    What about—a place to buy stuff online? Actually the Amazons were supposedly a race of female warriors whose name meant “without breast” (Greek a-mazos) or “killer of men” (Androktones). They were hybrids of Ares/Mars. These Nephilim would cut off one or both of their breasts, so that they could fight more viciously. They were feared everywhere.

    The Achilles’ heel is the tendon named after the demigod Achilles, who was a hybrid son of the goddess Thetis and Peleus (a friend of Hercules).

    Thetis attempted to make Achilles immortal and invincible by dipping him in the river Styx—the river that separates our world from Hell. However, Thetis held him by the ankle, which was then left vulnerable. As a result, in one battle where Achilles was shot, he was killed. He was struck in the heel. Today, a person’s weaknesses are called his “Achilles” heel.


    Obviously, Hollywood is in love with the demigods. Arnold Schwarzenegger played Hercules in the cinema in one of his early roles. A new version of the movie with another superman came out in 2014. Twilight features a vampire who breeds with a female human to produce a hybrid. X-Men is about genetically engineered superhuman hybrids.

    Today, people spend a fortune to see these Nephilim creatures in the movies. Even in the Christian allegory, Chronicles of Narnia by C.S. Lewis, one can find hybrids featured. There is a Satyr, which is half-man/half-goat in the film. Also, there is a Centaur, which is a half-man/half-horse. For the old-timers who can remember Planet of the Apes, there were genetically engineered apes that possessed human genes for intelligence. With the evolution of these hybrids, there is a film entitled Rise of the Planet of the Apes. There is Edge of Tomorrow starring Tom Cruise who finds himself in a battle with aliens, repeatedly dying and rising from the dead. The movie entitled When Aliens Come…What Do They Want? suggests that they want human genes for manipulation. The hybrids want to make genetically modified organisms. Hollywood loves genetic engineering. Does Hollywood’s inspiration only come from the past that we read about in the Bible or is it possible that there is yet something looming on the horizon?

    This article is derived from Dr. Lindsay’s book Giants, Fallen Angels and the Return of the Nephilim; published and distributed by Destiny Image Publishers. Used by Permission from the publisher.

  4. Is Ezekiel 38 a NOW or NEXT Prophecy? by Bill Salus

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    This article is taken from a chapter in The NEXT PROPHECIES book by Bill Salus. The NEXT PROPHECIES is the long-awaited sequel to The NOW PROPHECIES book.

    Some of today’s top Bible prophecy teachers believe that the Ezekiel 38 prophecy could happen at the present time, but is it a NOW or a NEXT prophecy?

    The NOW Prophecies are the unfulfilled ancient biblical predictions that appear to be imminent, which means they could happen NOW! These prophecies have either minor or no remaining preconditions inhibiting them from happening. Whereas, the NEXT Prophecies have at least one or more significant preconditions prohibiting their final fulfillment. The Ezekiel 38 prophecy could rightfully be classified as a NEXT prophecy for a few of the reasons that are identified within this article.

    The Ezekiel 38 prophecy is detailed in Ezekiel 38:1 – 39:20. In the NEXT PROPHECIES book, these verses are exposited upon in the following manner.

    • What are the conditions in Israel before the Gog of Magog invasion? (Ezekiel 38:1-13).
    • What are the conditions in Israel during the invasion? (Ezekiel 38:14-39:8).
    • What are the conditions in Israel in the aftermath? (Ezekiel 39:9-20).

    Ezekiel 39:21-24 provides information about the awarenesses that the Jews and Gentiles should glean as a result of the fulfillment of the Ezekiel 38:1-39:20 predictions. Ezekiel 39:25-29 briefly summarizes the process of the regathering of the Jews into Israel, which ultimately leads to the national conversion of Israel through a faithful remnant who survives the seven-year Tribulation period.

    Ezekiel 38 is arguably one of the easiest to understand prophecies written within the entire Bible. Every verse can and should be interpreted literally. Ezekiel 38:1-39:20 follows the common sense “Golden Rule of Interpretation,” which is,

    When the plain sense of Scripture makes common sense, seek no other sense; therefore, take every word at its primary, ordinary, usual, literal meaning unless the facts of the immediate context, studied in the light of related passages and axiomatic and fundamental truths, indicate clearly otherwise.” –Dr. David L. Cooper (1886-1965), founder of The Biblical Research Society.

    Ezekiel 38:8-13 describes the conditions in Israel when the Ezekiel 38 prophecy happens, which are;

    1. The prophecy happens in the “latter years,”
    2. Many Jews will be regathered from the diaspora into an existing nation of Israel,
    3. These regathered Israelis must be a peaceful people that are dwelling securely in unwalled villages (cities),
    4. The Jewish state will be lacking partition walls and security fences, (all of them dwelling without walls, and having neither bars nor gates). (Ezekiel 38:11),
    5. The economy of Israel will be thriving, because the Ezekiel 38 invaders are coming, (to take plunder and to take booty). (Ezekiel 38:12).

    Conditions #1 and #2 above appear to be in place, but conditions #3 and #4 are not and condition #5 may not presently be fully in place.

    Condition #3 mandates that Israel must be living in peace and experiencing a condition of national security. A few recent headlines suggest that this is not the case for Israel today.

    • Israel says struck Iranian targets in Syria 200 times in last two yearsReuters (9/4/18)
    • For the Next Missile War, You Can Now Buy Insurance in Israel – Haaretz (5/28/18)

    The insurer Phoenix is offering the country’s first-ever private policy covering war damage to a home’s contents…

    • Three Wounded as 200 Projectiles Fired as Israel from Gaza Strip – Jerusalem Post (7/14/18)

    Condition #4 is also not in place, which addresses the absence of partition walls and security checkpoints and fences. In addition to the fact that Israel presently has a massive 400-plus-mile long partition wall that is at some points 20-feet tall and filled with concrete, check out these recent headlines that further evidence this point.

    • As 30-foot-tall border wall goes up, IDF says Hezbollah, Lebanese army colluding – Times of Israel (9/6/18)

    • Israel starts massive fence on southern border with Jordan – Times of Israel (1/20/16)
    • Israel starts building sea barrier to defend against Gaza attacks – Times of Israel (5/27/18)
    • Israel unveils plans for 40-mile underground wall around Gaza – Telegraph (1/18/2018)
    • Palestinian protesters breach Israel-Gaza border fence; 3 killed, hundreds injured in clashes – Los Angeles Times (4/27/18)

    So, if Israel is not currently experiencing the prerequisite conditions of #3 and #4, when will they? Ezekiel answers this question ten chapters earlier.

    And there shall no longer be a pricking brier or a painful thorn for the house of Israel from among all who are around them, who despise them. Then they shall know that I am the Lord God.” ‘Thus says the Lord God: “When I have gathered the house of Israel from the peoples among whom they are scattered, and am hallowed in them in the sight of the Gentiles, then they will dwell in their own land which I gave to My servant Jacob. And they will dwell safely there, build houses, and plant vineyards; yes, they will dwell securely, when I execute judgments on all those around them who despise them. Then they shall know that I am the Lord their God.” ’ (Ezekiel 28:24-26).

    Ezekiel 28 points out in the verses above that Israel, “will dwell securely, when I execute judgments on all those around them who despise them.” As the assorted headlines above have illustrated, Israel is presently surrounded by people around them, who despise them and none of these countries or terrorist organizations surrounding Israel are specifically listed in Ezekiel 38.

    In fact, the Ezekiel 38 invaders, which are depicted in the “Outer Ring” image, share no common borders with Israel, nor have they ever been the historic enemies of Israel.

    If Ezekiel 28:24-26 is not describing the outer ring of Ezekiel 38, then who are those around Israel that despise the Jewish state? It is important to identify them, because until judgments are executed upon them, Israel cannot dwell securely and meet the prerequisite conditions of #3 and #4 above. 

    It appears that the answer is found in the NOW prophecies identified below. There exists an “Inner Circle” of countries that are displayed in the following image that share common borders with Israel and they are the historic enemies of Israel. They have harbored an ancient hatred of the Jews from time immemorial.

    The NOW prophecies include, but are not limited to, the following globally impacting events. These predictions are the subject of The NOW PROPHECIES book and they are the:

    1. Disaster in Iran – (Jeremiah 49:34-39),
    2. Destruction of Damascus – (Isaiah 17, Jer. 49:23-27),
    3. Final Arab-Israeli War- (Psalm 83),
    4. Toppling of Jordan – (Jer. 49:1-6, Zephaniah 2:8-10, Ezekiel 25:14),
    5. Terrorization of Egypt – (Isaiah 19:1-18),
    6. Emergence of the exceedingly great Israeli army – (Ezekiel 37:10, 25:14, Obadiah 1:18),
    7. Expansion of Israel – (Obadiah 1:19-20, Jer. 49:2, Zephaniah 2:9, Isaiah 19:18),
    8. Emergence of a greater, safer and wealthier Israel – (Ezekiel 38:8-13)

    In conclusion, as per the prerequisite conditions #3 and #4 above, Ezekiel 38 could presently be classified as a NEXT, rather than a NOW prophecy. However, after the fulfillment of some or all of the NOW prophecies identified above, Ezekiel 38 could then be reclassified from a NEXT to a NOW prophecy.

    There are some who believe that the NOW prophecies above, especially the final Arab-Israeli war predicted in Psalm 83, are part of the Ezekiel 38 predictions. However, as the image below points out, there are several distinct differences between Psalm 83 and Ezekiel 38.

    For more information about the NOW and NEXT prophecies, pick up the books of the same name. Click HERE to purchase these works.

    Even though Ezekiel 38 appears to be a NEXT prophecy, there are many reasons to believe that it draws NEAR to the time of its fulfillment. Below is a quote from the NEXT PROPHECIES book that evidences this.

    “INTERESTING OBSERVANCE: The Ezekiel 39:17 birds of prey appear to be already gathering in Israel. This implies that the Ezekiel 38 invasion, which concludes with the sacrificial meal, draws near. If this is the case, this makes sense because the local birds, rather than those that have to migrate from great distances, would be the immediate benefactors of the sacrificial feast.

    A Triumphant Festival

    “And as for you, son of man, thus says the Lord God, ‘Speak to every sort of bird and to every beast of the field: “Assemble yourselves and come; Gather together from all sides to My sacrificial meal Which I am sacrificing for you, A great sacrificial meal on the mountains of Israel, That you may eat flesh and drink blood.”’” (Ezekiel 39:17)

    Some interesting headlines below reference the increased bird populations existing in Israel.

    • May 14, 2007, Haaretz – “The Iraqi Bird(s) That Made Aliyah (to Israel).” 
    • January 25, 2012, Haaretz – “Long-lost Starlings Are Flying Back to Israel.”
    • February 26, 2016, Times of Israel – “Why Israel is a pilgrimage site for birds and bird-watchers.”
    • January 23, 2017, Haaretz – “Israel’s 500 Million Birds: The World’s Eighth Wonder”
    • April 25, 2017, Jerusalem Post – “Bird Makes a Rare Stop in Israel After Wrong Turn.”
    • July 24, 2017, Jerusalem Post – “Israeli Vulture Population on the Rise.””
  5. IRAN is in Ezekiel 38, but why NOT their PROXIES? Why are Syria, Hezbollah, Hamas and the Houthis MISSING IN ACTION? By Bill Salus

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    This timely article is taken from the upcoming Bill Salus book called THE NEXT PROPHECIES. The NEXT PROPHECIES is the sequel to The NOW PROPHECIES book, which is an all-time bestseller at Prophecy Watchers. See our SPECIAL OFFER below this article.

    Ezekiel 38:5 lists Persia, renamed Iran in 1935, as a member of the Magog coalition that invades Israel in the latter days.

    Persia, Ethiopia, and Libya are with them, (Magog Coalition), all of them with shield and helmet. (Ezekiel 38:5)

    The fifty-two verses in Ezekiel 38-39 provide some of the most literally descriptive predictions within the entire Bible. It identifies the invaders, their motives, their defeats, the Lord’s divine intervention and purposes and the sequence of aftermath events. The focus of this article is the identification of WHO IS and WHO IS NOT, part of Ezekiel 38-39.


    Ezekiel 38 and 39 involves at least fourteen participants in the prophecy. They are;

    1. The Victor: God.
    2. The (intended) Victim: Israel.
    3. The Invaders: Magog, Meshech, Tubal, Persia, Ethiopia, Libya, Gomer, and Togarmah. (Refer to the Ezekiel 38 map image to find out the consensus of the modern-day equivalents of the Magog coalition).
    4. The Protestors: Sheba, Dedan, the merchants of Tarshish and their Young Lions.

    The prophecy informs that, in the latter years the invaders will attack Israel to capture plunder and booty. They covet Israel’s economic prosperity and conspire militarily to confiscate this livelihood as part of their spoils of war. As the victor, the Lord, not the IDF or America, prevents this from occurring by utilizing supernatural means to defeat these invaders. These miraculous events are described in Ezekiel 38:18-39:6.

    Meanwhile, as the epic event unfolds, the protestors complain about the evil intentions of the invaders. Their protests are lodged in the questions in Ezekiel 38:13 quoted below.

    “Sheba, Dedan, the merchants of Tarshish, and all their young lions will say to you, ‘Have you come to take plunder? Have you gathered your army to take booty, to carry away silver and gold, to take away livestock and goods, to take great plunder?” (Ezekiel 38:13)

    Ultimately, after the invaders are conquered, Israel graduates from being the intended victim and instead becomes the resultant benefactor. The modern-day equivalents of these protestors today are commonly understood and taught to be;

    1. Sheba: Yemen, where the Iranian proxies, the Houthis, exist today.
    2. Dedan: Saudi Arabia and perhaps parts of the Gulf Cooperative Council (GCC) Arab Gulf States.
    3. Tarshish: Either the UK or Spain.
    4. Young Lions: Either the colonies that came from the UK, namely North America, or the offshoots of Spain, mainly the Latin American countries. (In my book entitled, The Now Prophecies, I explain why the “Tarshish” is likely the UK and their “Young Lions” seems to be America.


    Having identified WHO IS part of the action in Ezekiel 38-39, now let’s observe who appears to be MISSING IN ACTION (MIA). The emphasis is put upon Iran and its present proxies, who are, Hezbollah, Syria, Hamas and the Houthis. Iran also has a burgeoning presence within Iraq.


    Iran-aligned Houthis in Yemen fire missiles at Saudi capital – Reuters 5/8/18

    Yemen’s Houthis fired a salvo of ballistic missiles at Saudi Arabia’s capital on Wednesday – an attack Saudi authorities said they intercepted in the skies over Riyadh. The assault took place a day after Saudi Arabia’s top Western ally the United States pulled out of a deal with Iran over its disputed nuclear program and could signal an uptick in tensions between Riyadh and regional rival Tehran.”

    The Houthis are busy helping Iran spread its hegemony throughout the Middle East. Some suspect the Houthis, who were given missiles by Iran, are testing the proficiency of these missiles, by using Saudi Arabia as a punching bag. The purpose in part, is to confirm that Hezbollah’s 150,000 Iranian provided missiles will be effective against a war with Israel.

    At the very least, it is observable that the Houthis in Yemen are currently enemies of the Saudis. Yet, in Ezekiel 38:13, we see that Yemen, as Sheba, and Saudi Arabia, as Dedan, are aligned together protesting Iran’s participation in the Magog invasion of Israel. The glaring question is: “Why is Yemen not included among the Magog invaders?” The probable answer is that something adverse happens to the Houthis before Ezekiel 38, that eliminates them as an effective proxy of Iran.


    Iran hails ‘victory against Israel’ by its proxy Hezbollah in Lebanon elections – Times of Israel 5/8/18

    “A senior Iranian official on Tuesday hailed the “victory” of the Hezbollah terrorist group in Lebanese elections as a success in the “fight against Israel” and the United States.”

    Hezbollah is a major threat to Israel. Estimates are that they have about 150,000 advanced missiles pointed at a bank of strategic Israeli targets. Some analysts suspect that when Iran gives its Hezbollah proxy the green light to war against Israel, that with the amount of launchers they have, could launch 1000 missiles per day into the Jewish state.

    Yet, we see no resemblance of Hezbollah mentioned among the Ezekiel invaders. Hezbollah hails from Lebanon, and if they were part of the Ezekiel prophecy, they would likely be identified by the biblical names for Lebanon, which are Lebanon, Tyre, Sidon, or Gebal. None of these names are listed in Ezekiel 38, however, Tyre and Gebal are listed in the Psalm 83 prophecy.

    The question is: “Why isn’t Lebanon, Tyre, Sidon or Gebal listed alongside Persia in Ezekiel 38:1-6?” In his forty-eight chapters, Ezekiel refers to these places at least twenty times, but not even an honorable mention in Ezekiel 38-39. Additionally, perplexing is the fact that Ezekiel 38:15 and 39:2 specify that the Magog invaders attack from the North of Israel, which is the actual geographic location of Hezbollah in Lebanon.

    Perhaps like the Houthis, Hezbollah has something crippling happen to this terrorist group that eliminates it from the Magog invasion.



    Israel strikes Iranian targets in Syria after rocket fire – Reuters 5/9/18

    “It was the heaviest Israeli barrage in Syria since the 2011 start of the civil war in which Iranians, allied Shi’ite Muslim militias and Russian troops have deployed in support of President Bashar al-Assad. The confrontation came two days after the United States announced its withdrawal, with Israel’s urging, from a nuclear accord with Iran.”

    Iran has been instrumental in supporting President Bashar al-Assad of Syria throughout the Syrian revolution. Yet, there is no mention of Syria, Assyria, Damascus, Hamath or Arpad among the Magog Invaders. These are the biblical names for modern-day Syria. Ezekiel alludes to these names at least twelve times in his forty-eight chapters, but not once in Ezekiel 38. 

    However, Assyria shows up in the Psalm 83 prophecy. Damascus is destroyed in the prophecies within Isaiah 17, and Damascus, Hamath and Arpad are the subjects of Jeremiah 49:23-27. “Why isn’t Syria listed alongside Iran in Ezekiel 38?” Is it because Damascus gets destroyed in Isaiah 17 beforehand?



    As this Jerusalem Post headline points out, Hamas is another Iranian proxy terrorist group. Hamas is located in the ancient biblical lands of Philistia or Gaza among other names. Although Philistia is identified in Psalm 83:7, it is nowhere to be found in Ezekiel 38-39. “Why not?” Is it because Psalm 83 finds fulfillment prior to Ezekiel 38? Is that also why Hezbollah and Assyria are not part of Ezekiel 38? All three of these Iranian proxies today, were aligned together in the 3000-year old prophecy of Psalm 83.

    They have said, “Come, and let us cut them off from being a nation, That the name of Israel may be remembered no more.” For they have consulted together with one consent;
    They form a confederacy against You:
     The tents of Edom and the Ishmaelites; Moab and the Hagrites; Gebal, Ammon, and Amalek; Philistia with the inhabitants of Tyre;  Assyria also has joined with them; They have helped the children of Lot. (Psalm 83:4-8)

    DOES PSALM 83 PRECEDE EZEKIEL 38? IS THAT WHY THESE IRANIAN PROXIES ARE MISSING IN ACTION IN THE EZEKIEL 38-39 PROPHECIES? For more information about this possibility, read my article entitled, “Psalm 83 or Ezekiel 38, Which is the Next Middle East News Headline.” Below is a map of the Inner Circle of the Psalm 83 confederacy. These are Israel’s notorious enemies. Compare this to the Outer Ring map of the Ezekiel 38 coalition, who have never been Israel’s historical enemies.


    Pre-order THE NEXT PROPHECIES book, which is due out September 15, 2018, and get a FREE Apocalypse Road book. Apocalypse Road, Revelation for the Final Generation is the novel version of THE NEXT PROPHECIES book. 



    ***Pre-Sale*** – The Next Prophecies – New Book From Bill Salus – Buy 1 Get 1 FREE!


  6. Is ISIS in Psalm 83?

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    Article written by Bill Salus

    A 3000 year old prophecy written in the book of Psalms appears to be alarmingly close to finding its final fulfillment. Psalm 83 identifies a 10-member coalition comprised of the Arab territories that mostly share common borders with Israel. Psalm 83:4 informs that this formidable alliance wants to destroy the Jewish state and banish the name of Israel once and for all. Psalm 83:6-8 provides the Old Testament identity of these belligerents, which could also include notable terrorist organizations like Hamas, Hezbollah, ISIS and more.


  7. The Bible Reveals Progressive Illumination

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    Article written by Douglas D. Stauffer

    Many Bible teachers believe and teach that if the First Century “church fathers” did not teach, preach, or write concerning any particular matter, then it lacks credibility. These Bible teachers surmise that anything new must be false. Nothing could be further from the truth. In fact, history reveals a progressive illumination born from a practical application of the word of God. God has always progressively revealed His truths as the need arose for man to know any particular truth.

    Progressive illumination explains why the current generation has focused on end times’ events more than all preceding generations combined. (more…)

  8. Iran Mocks America, Threatens Israel and Angers the Lord!

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    This is a guest post by author Bill Salus.

    Iran: Americans Have Very Clearly Surrendered,” was the Washington Free Beacon headline on the day following the failed nuclear negotiations between Iran and the P5+1. The latest round of nuclear talks, which expired on November 24, 2014, yielded the similar fruitless results as the past deadline of July 20, 2014, at which time, the P5+1 consisting of Russia, China, America, Britain, France and Germany were unable to convince Iran to downgrade its current nuclear program.

    The article states that according to Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, the supposed moderate voice of Iran’s ruling rogue regime, “Today, we achieved victory.” His boast echoed the sentiments of other top Iranian leaders who celebrated the P5+1 failure to strike a deal as a “sign that the Americans have very clearly surrendered to Iran’s might.”


  9. A Response to Dr. Ernest L. Martin

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    EDITOR’S NOTE: There is a controversial theory regarding the alleged location of the First and Second Temples as proposed by the late Dr. Ernest L. Martin in his book,“The Temples that Jerusalem Forgot,” which was first published back in 1994. The following article is a scholarly response by Dr. Leen Ritmeyer, who is a renowned expert on the Temple Mount. He disagrees with Dr. Martin’s views. This article was first published around 2001.

    You can learn more about Dr. Martin’s views here:
    You can learn more about Dr. Ritmeyer at his web site:

    By Dr. Leen Ritmeyer

    In (past) issues of Biblical Archaeology Review (BAR) an advertisement appeared under the heading Who moved the Temple. The body of the ad announced a book The Temples that Jerusalem Forgot by Ernest Martin. Part of the advertisement consists of a drawing purporting to show the Temple sited outside of what is considered by most of the scholarly community to be the Temple Mount. Many people have asked me to comment on this portrayal and the following is my critique of Dr. Martin’s theory.